GOZ007 - Ghajn Damma


Għajn Damma is a natural pond, located in northern Gozo, between Marsalforn and Xaghra. This pond covers an area of approximately 1,025m2. The pond is accessible through a pathway from a surfaced road. The pond is predominantly surrounded by agricultural land, however, no notable pipelines were seen during the site visit and therefore there remains some uncertainty as whether the si¬¬te is being used for irrigation of those fields. The pond is completely covered by Lemna minor L, whilst within the basin Foeniculum vulgare and Sinapis alba are the dominant species. There is no data present regarding wildlife that frequents this site, however, two White Storks were present within the basin during the site visit. The site is not protected by any legislation.

Wetland data

Basic information
Wetland location: Inland
Wetland type: Artificial
Wetland area: 0.10 Ha
Hydrological interaction: -  
Water salinity: Fresh (< 0.5 g/l)
Type of fresh water input: Catchment area (precipitation)
Surface water runoff Other
Open water area (%): 26 - 50
Hydroperiod: Permanent
Geographic information
Census district: Gozo and Comino
Island: Gozo
Local council: Ix-Xaghra
Longitude: 14.257640 East
Latitude: 36.058510 North
Biological significance
Biological significance: Low
Ramsar wetland type
Type Coverage (%)
2 -- Ponds; includes farm ponds, stock ponds, small tanks; (generally below 8 ha)
Property status
Ecosystem services
Type of ecosystem service Ecosystem service Scale of Βenefit (%) Importance
Provisioning services Food
Provisioning services Fresh water
Regulatory services Water regulation
Activities on wetland
Activity Intensity
020 = Resource conservation High
701 = water pollution High
954 = invasion by a species High
Activities on catchment area
Activity Intensity
100 = Cultivation High
110 = Use of pesticides High
120 = Fertilisation High
130 = Irrigation High
502 = roads motorways Medium
701 = water pollution High
Impact Intensity
EE- = Increase of economic potential High
ES- = Increase in water supply High
PF- = Fertilizer/Excess nutrient pollution High
PP- = Pesticide pollution
Vegetation types
Type Coverage (%)
Other 51 - 75
Floating-leaved > 95
Species Presence status References
Foeniculum vulgare
Lemna minor
Sinapis alba