- Tac-Cawla

Taċ-Ċawla are a series of connected artificially constructed reservoirs, intended for irrigation and water storage, located in central Malta within Attard. These reservoirs are constructed of cement and limestone, and cover an approximate area of 2,130m2. The site is not accessible to the public as it located on gated privately-owned property. These reservoirs are predominantly surrounded by active agricultural land, thus are likely to be used for irrigation of these fields. No important community habitats or vegetation were noted around these reservoirs. The site is not protected by any legislation.

Wetland data

Basic information
Wetland location: Inland
Wetland type: Artificial
Wetland area: 0.20 Ha
Hydrological interaction: -  
Water salinity: Fresh (< 0.5 g/l)
Type of fresh water input: Catchment area (precipitation)
Surface water runoff There is no obvious water outflow
Open water area (%): 76 - 95
Hydroperiod: Permanent
Geographic information
Census district: Western
Island: Malta
Local council: H'Attard
Longitude: 14.448640 East
Latitude: 35.890840 North
Biological significance
Biological significance: Low
Ramsar wetland type
Type Coverage (%)
6 -- Water storage areas; reservoirs/barrages/dams/impoundments (generally over 8 ha)
Property status
Activities on wetland
Activity Intensity
020 = Resource conservation High
130 = Irrigation High
701 = water pollution High
Activities on catchment area
Activity Intensity
110 = Use of pesticides High
120 = Fertilisation High
130 = Irrigation High
502 = roads motorways High
701 = water pollution High
Impact Intensity
EE- = Increase of economic potential High
ES- = Increase in water supply High
PF- = Fertilizer/Excess nutrient pollution High
PP- = Pesticide pollution
Vegetation types
Type Coverage (%)
Floating-leaved 76 - 95
Species Presence status References
Lemna minor