- Gnien iz-Zghir

Ġnien iż-Żgħir is a semi-artificial reservoir, intended for irrigation and water storage, located in western Malta between Ħad-Dingli and Rabat. The reservoir covers an area of approximately 1,420m2. A limestone wall has been constructed around the border in order to increase the reservoir’s water storage capacity. The site is surrounded by agricultural fields and has numerous pipelines within the reservoirs, indicating that it is used for irrigation. The site is not protected by any legislation.

Wetland data

Basic information
Wetland location: Inland
Wetland type: Artificial
Wetland area: 0.10 Ha
Hydrological interaction: -  
Water salinity: Fresh (< 0.5 g/l)
Type of fresh water input: Catchment area (precipitation)
Surface water runoff Outflow controlled by pipeline
Open water area (%): > 95
Hydroperiod: Permanent
Geographic information
Census district: Western
Island: Malta
Local council: Ir-Rabat
Longitude: 14.404110 East
Latitude: 35.868110 North
Biological significance
Biological significance: Low
Ramsar wetland type
Type Coverage (%)
6 -- Water storage areas; reservoirs/barrages/dams/impoundments (generally over 8 ha)
Property status
Private
Protection statuses
Protection status category Protection status subcategory Area's name Code Coverage area (%) Legislation
International Special Areas of Conservation - International Importance L-Inhawi tal-Buskett - Girgenti 330714 100 Environment Protection Act (Act I of 2016)
International Special Protection Areas L-Inhawi tal-Buskett u tal-Girgenti 555552407 100 Environment Protection Act (Act I of 2016)
National Tree Protection Area Gnien il-Kbir, il-Buskett u Wied il-Girgenti 555546279 100 Environment Protection Act (Act I of 2016)
International Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas Buskett and Wied il-Luq MT004 100
CDDA protection status
CDDA code CDDA category
MT11 Special Areas of Conservation - International Importance
MT13 Special Protection Areas
MT06 Tree Protection Area
Important bird areas
IBA code Site name Coverage (%) References
MT004 Buskett and Wied il-Luq 100
Wetland values
204 Agricultural resources
205 Water supply
Activities on wetland
Activity Intensity
020 = Resource conservation High
110 = Use of pesticides High
120 = Fertilisation High
130 = Irrigation High
700 = Pollution High
701 = water pollution High
Activities on catchment area
Activity Intensity
100 = Cultivation High
110 = Use of pesticides High
120 = Fertilisation High
130 = Irrigation High
430 = Agricultural structures Low
701 = water pollution High
Impacts
Impact Intensity
EE- = Increase of economic potential High
ES- = Increase in water supply High
PF- = Fertilizer/Excess nutrient pollution High
PP- = Pesticide pollution High
Vegetation types
Type Coverage (%)
Other < 5

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